Charles I of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Wolfenbüttel

Charles I of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Wolfenbüttel

Born Aug 01, 1713 in Brunswick
Died Mar 26, 1780 in Brunswick


Karl I. von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel


Portrait of Charles I of Brunswick-LüneburgSon of Ferdinand Albert II (d. 1735) and Antoinette Amalie, dau of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Brother of Prince Ferdinand. Married to Philippine Charlotte, dau of King Frederick William I of Prussia. Father of Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand and at least eight other children.

Karl was much interested in the development and welfare of his Dukedom, and founded the Collegium Carolinum (which later became the Technical University of Brunswick) and the Fürstenberg Porcelain Company. Unfortunately he seemed to be more entusiastic than able, and so his son Karl Wilhelm Ferdinard took over government business in 1773, 7 years before the death of his father.

Life with Boswell: 

Boswell was presented to the Duke and Duchess at the court of Brunswick on June 27, 1764, and he enjoyed their hospitality several times during the next couple of months. Boswell also met the Duke in the royal gardens in Berlin on July 22, 1764; he subsequently wrote "How worthy and how amiable a prince is this! He made me very happy."