August, Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

August, Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Born 1747 in Gotha
Died Sep 28, 1806 in Gotha


Son of Frederick III and Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and brother of Ernest II Ludwig.

He first embarked on a military career, joining the teutonic knights in 1764 before going into the service of a Dutch regiment of infantery, but left military service in 1772 to live the rest of his life as a patron of arts of literature. Among his correspondents were Herder, Göthe and Wieland. Described as witty and given to sarcasm.1 

Life with Boswell: 

During his visit to the court of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg on October 17, 1764, Boswell described August as "very brisk".